Air passenger rights

Air passenger rights: their meaning and application

Air passenger rights are an important part of the rights of passengers traveling by air around the world. These rights protect passengers from unexpected inconveniences that may occur during air travel. They determine how airlines should behave in various situations to protect the interests of passengers. This article explains the meaning and application of air passenger rights in more detail.

Why are air passenger rights important?

Air passenger rights are of great importance as they increase travelers’ trust in the aviation industry and provide them with a certain level of safety and protection. Air travel can present various challenges and inconveniences, such as delayed flights, cancellations, loss or damage to luggage, and overbooking. Air passenger rights help protect passengers from the impact of these issues and ensure they are adequately compensated.

The most important air passenger rights

  1. Right to information: Passengers have the right to clear and timely information about their flight. This includes information about departure and arrival times, delays, cancellations and reasons for these events.
  2. Right to care: If a flight is delayed or canceled, passengers are entitled to appropriate care, including food and accommodation if necessary.
  3. Right to refund and/or rebooking: If a flight is canceled or significantly delayed, passengers have the right to a refund of the fare or the option to be rebooked on another flight.
  4. Right to Compensation: For flight delays of more than three hours or cancellations due to airline fault, passengers may be entitled to financial compensation.
  5. Right to compensation: Passengers may, in certain cases, be entitled to compensation for loss or damage to their baggage.
  6. Right to compensation for overbooking: If a flight is overbooked and a passenger cannot be transported, they are entitled to compensation or alternative transportation.

How are air passenger rights enforced?

Enforcement of passenger rights may vary by region and airline, but in general, passengers who believe their rights have been violated should take the following steps:

  1. Contact the airline: If there are any problems while traveling by air, passengers should first contact the airline for a solution.
  2. Complaint to the national regulator: Many countries have national regulators responsible for enforcing air passenger rights. Passengers can contact these authorities if the airline does not provide a satisfactory solution.
  3. Legal Action: In some cases it may be necessary to take legal action to enforce passenger rights. In such cases, passengers should contact lawyers or consumer protection organizations.

Air passenger rights worldwide

Air passenger rights apply not only in Europe, but also in many other parts of the world. However, the exact rules and regulations may vary from country to country. In the European Union, air passenger rights are protected by Regulation (EC) No 261/2004, which lays down specific rules for compensation and assistance to air passengers. Other countries have adopted similar regulations and laws to protect air passenger rights.


Air passenger rights are crucial to ensure the interests and protection of air travelers. They ensure that passengers are adequately supported and compensated in the event of unexpected problems during their air travel. It is important to learn about the applicable air passenger rights in your region and to exercise these rights when necessary to receive appropriate treatment and compensation.